The smart sand


Zaaksand – the project

Here you will find some additional information about our project.


To key objective is to design, build and demonstrate the production of Smart Sand / Lypors at integrated pilot scale.

The strategic objective of the project is to design, build and demonstrate the production of Smart Sand / Lypors at integrated pilot scale which becomes a technology showcase to stake holders such as thermal power plants, construction industry and end customers.

The other objective of the project is to certify the product produce from the plant to meet harmonized DIN EN 12620 (fine aggregates for concrete), DIN 13139 (sand for mortars) and DIN EN 13055:2016 (lightweight aggregates).

Additionally, the process and product will be optimized according to the market demand.

Expected impacts

The expected impacts of the project are as follows:

• Creating the engineering and scientific basis for the future industrial Lypors production plant.

• Integration of three sub-processes, which so far performed at different locations, into a single black box which will have significant technological improvement and impacts on various stakeholders.

• Addressing the challenge faced by thermal power plants from fly ash disposal around the world and assisting them in meeting disposal compliances as well as improving the economics of the plant operation.

• Addressing the challenge faced by many countries to access good quality of sand by providing Lypors as an alternative to natural sand.

• Increasing the utilization of fly ash, not just in Europe, but all over the world, by upcycling fly ash into value-added sand.

• Helping decision makers in Europe to frame strategic choices concerning conservation of natural resources and to integrate them in the future management of natural resources through research road mapping activity combined with economic feasibility modelling that will help the identification of critical pathways.

• Improving innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge.


These partners are crucial for our project:

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement nº 738759

The British-Australian mining group, founded in 1873 – one of the three largest mining groups – supports Zaaksand technologies.